Climate Change


The science of climate change: Questions and answers

Robert Montgomery, Australian Academy of Science, Market: Australia, Year: 2015

This publication from the Australian Academy of Science aims to address confusion created by contradictory information in the public domain. It sets out to explain the current situation in climate science, including where there is consensus in the scientific community and where uncertainties exist…


Climate change will hit Australia harder than rest of world

Oliver Milman, The Guardian, Market: Australia, Year:2015

The national science agency of Australia CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology have released the projections based on 40 global climate models, producing what they said was the most robust picture yet of how Australia’s climate would change… Read more


Climate change and the rise of the ‘advocacy investor’

Keith Larsen, GreenBiz, Market: US, Year:2015

In the absence of large-scale government regulation to force the issue of sustainability with corporate executives, some investors have taken it upon themselves to try to force companies to change. One way these shareholders are advocating change is through filing shareholder proposals or resolutions… Read more

Securing Rights, Combating Climate Change – How Strengthening Community Forest Rights Mitigates Climate Change

World Resources Institute Global 2014

Securing Rights, Combating Climate Change analyzes the growing body of evidence linking community forest rights with healthier forests and lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. This report makes a strong case for strengthening the rights of indigenous and local communities over their forests as a policy tool for mitigating climate change.


Water and energy linkages to food, feed, fiber

WBCSD Market: Global, Year: 2014

There is an intrinsic link between the challenge we face to ensure water security and other global issues, most notably climate change and the need to sustainably manage the world’s rapidly growing demand for energy and food. Humanity needs to feed more people with less water, in a context of climate change and growing energy demand, while maintaining healthy ecosystems. Competing demands for water, energy and food will require us to make intelligent – and sometimes tough – choices and radically move away from business as usual solutions. Read more…


IPCC AR5: Climate Change: Implications for Buildings

IPCC Market: Global, Year: 2014

The Fifth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is the most up-to-date, comprehensive and relevant analysis of our changing climate. In 2010, the world’s buildings accounted for 34% of global final energy use and 24% of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Global final energy use in buildings, and related emissions, could double or even triple by 2050. This briefing explores the challenges and opportunities climate change poses to the building sector.


Climate Change Resilience in Europe

CDP Market: Europe, Year: 2014

In 2013 the European Union decided that 20% of its spending over the 2014-2020 period would be spent towards climate action (through the European Structural Investment Fund). These funds would be invested in instruments that contribute to strengthen energy security and build a low-carbon, resource-efficient and climate resilient economy that will enhance Europe’s competitiveness and create more and greener jobs. This allocation will be governed by a cooperative process between DG CLIMA and Member States to build towards positive climate action and the objectives set forth by the European Council. European businesses are significant stakeholders and participants in this process, and the CDP data shared in  this report will help European decision makers understand the vulnerabilities and opportunities that climate change poses to the private sector.


State of the Climate report 2014

Bureau of Meteorology Market: Australia, Year: 2014

Weather and climate touch all aspects of AUSTRALIAN LIFE. What we experience here at home is part of the global climate system. The Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO contribute significantly to the international effort of weather and climate monitoring, forecasting and research. In State of the Climate, we discuss the long-term trends in Australia’s climate.

The Basics of Climate Change in Seven Minutes — American Meteorological Society Video

American Meteorological Society Market: Global, Year 2014

The American Meteorological Society has produced a seven minute video on the basics of climate change. This is a great tool to help individuals and organisations understand the basics of climate change.

Moving Below Zero

The climate Institute Market: Global, Year: 2014

Physics tells us that if we are to avoid very dangerous global warming of 2°C or more above pre-industrial levels, Australia and other countries need not only zero carbon technologies like solar and wind but also to go further, and employ carbon removal technologies

Read more…

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment Report for Policy Makers

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). Market: Global Year: 2013

This report contains the best available science and informed by traditional ecological knowledge on the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity and accompanying policy recommendations. To download the report, key findings, photos and policy recommendations refer


Innovative Techniques for Local Community Engagement on Climate Change Adaptation

Chris Riedy, Jade Herriman, Katie Ross, Aleta Lederwasch and Louise Boronyak, Market: Australia, Year: 2013

Climate change is obvious. Drought, bushfire and flooding often happen in Australia. To reduce greenhouse gas emission cannot be avoid from climate change.  This project, therefore, designed face-to-face activities and evaluated the activities in order to help vulnerable people in the community become more resilient by connecting them with resources and supportive network sand bring different materials about preparation for climate change to life.


Climate of the Nation 2013 Spotlight Report

Climate Institute. Market: Australia, Year: 2013

Climate of the Nation 2013 benchmarks Australian attitudes to climate change, related policies and solutions. It reveals that a remarkably consistent two-thirds of Australians accept that climate change is real. It also reveals diminishing confusion and a growing understanding that climate impacts are real and happening now, no longer just threats for the future.


Off the Charts: Extreme Australian summer heat

Climate Commission. Market: Australia, Year: 2013

Australia is a land of extremes. As global temperature rises, very hot days are becoming more frequent and heatwaves are becoming more prolonged across many parts of Australia. The heatwave affecting Australia in late December 2012 and early January 2013 brought extreme heat to most of the Australian continent over a sustained period. Temperatures above 40°C and 45°C were unprecedented in their extent across the continent, breaking new records for Australian averaged maximum temperatures. The heat was also unprecedented in its duration. This document provides a summary of the influence of climate change on Australia’s temperature and extreme heat events.


The Critical Decade 2013: Climate change science, risks and responses

Climate Commission. Market: Australia, Year: 2013

Two years ago the Climate Commission warned that 2011-2020 is the ?Critical Decade’ for tackling climate change. In particular, this is the Critical Decade for turning around rising emissions of greenhouse gases and putting us on the pathway to stabilising the climate system.

One quarter of the way through the Critical Decade, many consequences of climate change are already evident, and the risks of further climate change are better understood. It is clear that global society must virtually decarbonise in the next 30-35 years. This means that most of the fossil fuel reserves must stay in the ground. You can find the executive summary, full report, images etc here.


Apollo-Gaia Project 1 : Arctic Dynamics 

Unit for Research into Changing Institutions. Market: UK, Year: 2013

What is going on in the Arctic area at the moment is probably the fastest moving response to global warming and climate change anywhere on the planet. David Wasdell, Director of the Apollo-Gaia Project1 shares is views on feedback dynamics and acceleration in the global climate system2.

Arctic_Dynamics_Apollo-Gaia_2013.pdf A two-part video on Arctic Dynamics is also available at Part 1 deals with Observations and Mechanisms, while Part 2 addresses Consequences and Implications.


World Bank. 4° Turn Down the Heat: Climate Extremes, Regional Impacts, and the Case for Resilience.

A report for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics.

Market: Washington, Year: 2013

The World Banks first Turn Down the Heat report concluded the world would warm by 4°C by the end of this century if we did not take concerted action now. This new report outlines an alarming scenario for the days and years ahead-what we could face in our lifetime. The scientists tell us that if the world warms by 2°C -warming which may be reached in 20 to 30 years-that will cause widespread food shortages, unprecedented heat-waves, and more intense cyclones. In the near-term, climate change, which is already unfolding, could batter the slums even more and greatly harm the lives and the hopes of individuals and families who have had little hand in raising the Earth’s temperature. Today, our world is 0. 8°C above pre-industrial levels of the 18th century. We could see a 2°C world in the space of one generation.

Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided

World Bank. Market: Global, Year: 2012

This scientific report says the world is barreling down a path to heat up by 4 degrees at the end of the century if the global community fails to act on climate change. It is hoped this report shocks us into action. Even for those of us already committed to fighting climate change, it is hoped it will cause us to work with much more urgency. It spells out what the world would be like if it warmed by 4 degrees Celsius, which is what scientists are nearly unanimously predicting by the end of the century, without serious policy changes.


The 4° scenarios are devastating: the inundation of coastal cities; increasing risks for food production potentially leading to higher malnutrition rates; many dry regions becoming dryer, wet regions wetter; unprecedented heat waves in many regions, especially in the tropics; substantially exacerbated water scarcity in many regions; increased frequency of high-intensity tropical cyclones; and irreversible loss of biodiversity, including coral reef systems. And most importantly, a 4° world is so different from the current one that it comes with high uncertainty and new risks that threaten our ability to anticipate and plan for future adaptation needs. The lack of action on climate change not only risks putting prosperity out of reach of millions of people in the developing world, it threatens to roll back decades of sustainable development.


Into Unknown Territory: The limits to adaptation and reality of loss and damage from climate impacts

CARE, Germanwatch, ActionAid and WWF. Market: Global, Year: 2012

The report launched by the four organizations stresses the irreversibility of a changing climate. The four organizations equally warn that the fast pace of climate change is increasingly exacerbating natural disasters, food crises and even migration issues. Adaptation to climate change alone will no longer suffice. The report concludes with a series of recommendations to policy makers to prepare for and manage losses and damages caused by climate change


Climate Change Best Practice Methodology

The Climate Institute & Asset Owners Disclosure Project. Market: Australia, Year: 2011

The Methodology guides the user through the implementation of climate change best practice policies and procedures within a project management framework to ensure efficient management of the business transformation.



The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change

The World Bank Group. Market: U.S., Year: 2010

The report intends to provide information on lessons learned and insights gained on adaptation to climate change from global, country and sector-level analyses.

Recommendations are made to help guide prioritization of actions, as well as the development of a robust, integrated approach for increasing resilience to climate risks across scales of action.



Appetite for change – Global business perspectives on tax and regulation for a low carbon economy

Market: Global, Year: 2010

This PwC research indicates what business leaders think, and what they are looking for, from government and environmental policies. This creates a platform for constructive dialogue between business and government, which is ultimately what business really wants.



Coasts And Climate Change Council Preliminary Conclusions

Market: Australia, Year: 2010

Coastal Australia is confronted with an immense array of risks from climate change. These risks will challenge all sectors of society, the economy and the environment. The Coasts and Climate Change Council is tasked with helping to engage the Australian people in starting to prepare for the impacts of climate change in the coast, particularly in the lead-up to the Coastal Forum in February 2010.



Smart Grids – Moving beyond the euphoria to achieve the vision

Market: Europe, Year: 2010

Smart Grids is a popular buzz word associated with sustainability, carbon emissions reduction, renewable energy and next-generation energy management. How can European countries move from euphoria about smart grids to actuality?



Tackling climate change on the ground – Corporate case studies on land use and climate change

Market: Global, Year: 2009

The relationship between land use and climate change is highlighted in corporate case studies included in a new report, entitled ” Tackling climate change on the ground”, released by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.



Water, Energy and Climate Change

Market: Global, Year: 2009

The report, Water, Energy and Climate Change: A contribution from the business community, says water, energy and climate change are inextricably linked.



Climate change: It’s never been more important briefing note

Market: UK, Year: 2009

The economy and climate change are the UK’s two greatest challenges for 2009. The UK economy is now officially in recession, and it is predicted it will stay so until at least early 2010. This will have wide-ranging effects on business including a reduction in output, job losses, and in severe circumstances, the closure of businesses.



‘The Climate Challenge’ briefing note

Market: UK, Year: 2009

This paper sets out Business in the Community’s position on climate change and responsible business.



Adapting to climate Change: A Business Approach

Market: Global, Year: 2008

Climate change represents a new and somewhat daunting topic for many businesses. The challenge is compounded by the diverse and uncertain projections of changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, extreme events, and other effects. This paper outlines a sensible business approach to analyzing and adapting to the physical risks of climate change. It focuses on a critical first step in assessing these climate impacts: understanding the potential risks to business and the importance of taking action to mitigate those risks. Not all businesses need to take action now; this paper develops a qualitative screening process to assess whether a business is likely to be vulnerable to the physical risks associated with climate change, and whether a more detailed risk assessment is warranted.



A speech by HRH The Prince of Wales on climate change to the European Parliament in Brussels

Market: Europe, Year: 2008

This is a complete text of speech addressing climate change problem to the European Parliament by HRH The Prince of Wales. “For me, the crux of the problem is – and I only pray I will be proved wrong – that the doomsday clock of climate change is ticking ever faster towards midnight.” Therefore he wishes all European citizens could strive to work together to combat climate change.


Adaptation – An issue brief for business

Market: Global, Year: 2008

This report presents an overview of climate adaptation issues from a business perspective. It examines the potential impacts of climate changes on business, risks and opportunities, the business case for adaptation planning, and highlights areas in which business could have a role in promoting adaptation, both at community and global levels.



An assessment of the impact of climate change on the nature and frequency of exceptional climatic events

Market: Australia, Year: 2008

This document accompanies An assessment of the impact of climate change on the nature and frequency of exceptional climatic events (Hennessy et al. 2008), a report prepared for the Australian Government by CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology. It provides additional information about observed regional changes in exceptionally high (maximum, mean and minimum) temperatures, low minimum temperatures, high and low rainfall, and low soil moisture. This is principally in the form of percentage areas with exceptionally high or low values of the three climate variables, although time series graphs of area-averaged rainfall and temperatures are also given.



Guidelines for Identifying Business Risks and Opportunities Arising from Ecosystem Change

Market: Global, Year: 2008

This publication provides corporate managers with a proactive approach to making the connection between ecosystem change and their business goals. It introduces the Corporate Ecosystem Services Review – a structured methodology to help businesses develop strategies for managing risks and opportunities arising from their dependence and impact on ecosystems. It is a tool for corporate strategy development and can augment existing environmental management systems.



Drought: Exceptional Circumstances

Market: Australia, Year: 2008

The Australian Government is conducting a comprehensive national review of drought policy. The review includes three separate assessments.The first examines the implications of future climate change for the current exceptional circumstances (EC) standard of a one in 20-25 year event and is provided in this report. The others cover economic and social aspects.



The Prince’s May Day Network Case Study – Wealth of Opportunities

Market: UK, Year: 2008

England’s Northwest has been actively engage in activities to minimize the adverse effects brought by climate change. Businesses in Northwest are concerned about how climate change will affect their businesses. So in this document you will see several companies that have done very well to lower carbon and all sorts of things related to climate change.



UNEP Year Book 2008 – An Overview of Our Changing Environment

Market: Global, Year: 2008

This 2008 UNEP Year Book documents some of the many insights, events, and issues that have emerged during 2007 and it is dominated by the theme of climate change. The findings of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change-established by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization-put an end to the issue of whether climate change is happening and outlined in great clarity the likely impacts. This Year Book divides the discussion into 3 parts: Global Overiew, Feature Focus and Emerging Challenges.



EcoPinion – Climate Change and Consumers: The Challenge Ahead

Market: US, Year: 2008

This fifth EcoPinion Survey focuses on consumers and climate change: customer feelings and levels of personal responsibility in regard to reducing climate change, willingness to take action and what type of actions, perceptions of costs, who should pay and how new revenue should be used. The results provide further evidence of a green gap between high levels of consumer understanding and concern over climate change balanced against conflicted feelings of personal responsibility to “do something” about climate change.



The Road from Bali: Business Opportunities and Obstacles Surrounding Climate Change

Market: Global, Year: 2008

A large international climate change conference attended by representatives from 190 countries took place in Bali in December 2007. The goal of this meeting was to accelerate the international response to climate change started by the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. Edelman, in this paper, explains what Kyoto Protocol is and explores the business opportunities and obstacles under the conference. In the paper, professionals like Former Greenpeace International Communications Director are invited to share their views on different questions and topics.



Climate of The Nation – Australian attitudes to climate change and its solutions

Market: Australia, Year: 2008

This is a research conducted by the Climate Institute examining the Australian’s attitudes towards climate change. Public interest remains strong on climate issues – Nine of 10 Australians are concerned about climate change. However, the public appear to be cautiously sceptical about the major parties and their commitment to climate change.



Cambridge Climate Leaders Reference Guide

Market: UK, Year: 2007

The Cambridge Climate Leaders Reference Guide is designed to give leaders an introduction to climate change and the complexities associated with it. There are four broad themes : 1)The Science of Climate Change; 2)The Economics and Technology of Climate Change; 3)Policy Responses to Climate Change; and 4)Business Responses to Climate Change.



Reporting the Business Implications of Climate Change in Sustainability Reports

Market: Global, Year: 2007

This report presents the results of a survey on Reporting the Business Implications of Climate Change in Sustainability Reports. The survey found that while almost all companies reported on climate change in their sustainability reports, on closer examination companies reported far more on potential opportunities rather than financial risks for their companies from climate change.



Climate Change, National Security and ethics

Market: Australia, Year: 2007

This is a paper addressing climate change, national security and ethics in Australia. Author believes that ethical issues will distort our responses for years to come if we fail to address them now. It is important for the Government to start a dialogue on a new ethical paradigm in order to be conjunct with local people and evolve solutions.



Ten ways for businesses to address climate change

Market: UK, Year: 2007

The climate change booklet shows how adopting some or all of the following ten actions in the workplace can help conserve energy, save money and contribute to the slowdown of climate change at the same time.



Healthy Planet, Places and People

Market: Australia, Year: 2007

This research gives us a better understanding of the health problems caused by climate change so that we can develop adaptation strategies to lessen a range of risks to health. The research will also extend our understanding of the now-urgent need to reduce emissions.



The Corporate Climate Communications Report 2007

Market: Global, Year: 2007

The report examines communications by companies on the climate change issue. Unlike other studies in this field the intention is not to document or benchmark performance, and it is not ”naming and shaming” specific companies. Comparing and contrasting disclosures across business sectors and regions, examining the mitigation measures taken and the communications methods used gives new insights into the issues.



Deep Cuts in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Market: Australia, Year: 2006

This report by the Allen Consulting Group was commissioned by the Business Roundtable on Climate Change. Its focus is on climate change and what might be done to prevent the conditions occurring that could bring about catastrophic shifts in the earth’s climate in the future. Within that global context, the report examines the likely impact on the Australian economy and community of taking significant policy action to bring about deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions by the middle of this century.



Business and Ecosystems – Ecosystem Challenges and Business Implications

Market: Global, Year: 2006

A four-year, international, scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the Earth’s ecosystems, The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), classified ecosystem services, the benefits people and businesses obtain from ecosystems, into four categories; and identified six interconnected challenges that are of particular concern for business as these further affect the integrity of ecosystems and their capacity to provide services. This Issue Brief explores the six challenges, discusses their implications for businesses and provides examples of corporate responses.



World Vision Australia – Media release of the report Australian Responds: Helping Our Neighbours Fight Climate Change

Market: Australia, Year: 2006

This is a media release published on the day that Australian Responds: Helping Our Neighbours Fight Climate Change was launched. The report shows that efforts to end poverty among our neighbours will be drastically undermined unless action is taken right now by the Australian Government to tackle climate change and prepare for its effects.



WWF – Living Planet Report 2006

Market: Global, Year: 2006

This report describes the changing state of global biodiversity and the pressure on the biosphere arising from human consumption of natural resources. It is built around two indicators: the Living Planet Index, which reflects the health of the planet’s ecosystems; and the Ecological Footprint, which shows the extent of human demand on these ecosystems.



Pathways to 2050 – Energy & Climate Change

Market: Global, Year: 2005

Pathways to 2050: Energy & climate change builds on the WBCSD’s 2004 Facts and Trends to 2050: Energy and Climate Change and provides a more detailed overview of potential pathways to reducing CO2 emissions.



Facts and Trends to 2050 – WBCSD Energy and Climate Change

Market: Global, Year: 2004

This publication provides an overview of key facts and societal challenges related to economic development, future energy demand and the impact that demand could have on the climate system. It forms part of the work program of the WBCSD’s Energy and Climate Council Project and provides a platform for future discussion. This will help further elaborate a business response to the challenges identified in this paper, which will require additional research and consultation.



Globescan Climate Change Monitor – An international survey on people’s attitudes toward energy and climate change

Market: Global – Ongoing

The general public is increasingly concerned and will have significant influence on government policies, regulations, technology choices, and markets. GlobeScan’s Climate Change Monitor is based on robust, trackable public opinion research conducted in 20 key markets around the world. The Climate Change Monitor explores the views, attitudes, and behavior of the general public and informal opinion leaders across 20 countries relating to energy and climate change. For more information, refer: